Step 1: Check for any dangers to yourself or the casualty
Ask yourself – “what has happened, am I in any danger?”. If there are dangers present ensure these are dealt with. If the situation is too dangerous then stay back and call for help from the emergency services immediately.
Step 2: Call an ambulance
Call an ambulance and tell the operator someone is suffering from chest pain. They may be able to give you more first aid advice over the telephone.
Step 3: Help the casualty sit on the floor in a comfortable position
The floor is always the safest place for a casualty – if they collapse they are less likely to injure themselves falling. One position often taught for chest pain is the ‘W’ position – this is where the casualty sits with their back supported and knees bent so they look like the letter ‘W’.
Step 4: Help the casualty chew on an Aspirin tablet
One 500mg Aspirin tablet should be given to the casualty to chew slowly and place under their tongue (not swallowed). Aspirin can help to break down any clots which have formed in the heart